How To Setup your new computer
How To Setup your new computer

Setting up a new computer can be both exciting and daunting. Whether you’re a seasoned tech enthusiast or a first-time user, there are essential steps to ensure your computer runs smoothly and securely. This guide will walk you through the process, from unboxing your device to optimizing its performance.

Physical Setup: Cables and Ports

  1. Laptop Setup: If you’ve purchased a laptop, plug it into an electrical socket using the included A/C adapter. You can use the laptop while it charges.
  2. Desktop Setup: Desktop computers have various ports. Familiarize yourself with the power connector, monitor display ports (DVI/VGA/HDMI), and Ethernet. Connect the necessary cables to their respective ports. Remember, if the cable fits without forcing, it’s probably in the right place.

Hook Up Peripherals

  1. Mouse and Keyboard: Most modern mice and keyboards use USB connections. Plug them into any available USB ports. Older setups might use green and purple PS/2 ports.
  2. Other Devices: Connect other peripherals like printers, scanners, or speakers. Most will connect via USB, but older devices might use different ports. Use color coding to match cables with ports.

First-Time Setup

If your computer is brand new or refurbished, you might encounter a setup screen. This will guide you through language selection, time zone settings, and other preferences. Follow the on-screen instructions until you reach the desktop.

Connect to the Internet

  1. Wired Connection: Desktops connected directly to a router using an Ethernet cable will automatically connect to the internet.
  2. Wireless Connection: For WiFi, ensure you know your network name and password. Navigate to Network Connections/Network and Sharing Center to connect.

Security and Antivirus/Malware

Before browsing, ensure your computer is protected against threats. Some computers come with basic antivirus software. If not, consider installing trusted antivirus programs like ESET, Avast, or AVG. Additionally, use tools like MalwareBytes Anti-Malware for added protection.

Software and Windows Updates

  1. Windows Updates: Regularly check for Windows updates to keep your system current.
  2. Software Installation: Install essential software like Microsoft Office, Adobe Reader, or media players. Use tools like Ninite to streamline the installation process.

Remove Bloatware

Bloatware refers to unnecessary software pre-installed on new computers. These can slow down your system. Consider using tools like PC Decrapifier to identify and remove unwanted programs.

Create a Backup

After setting up, create a backup of your data. This can be on physical devices or cloud services like Carbonite or OneDrive.


Setting up a new computer requires attention to detail. By following the steps above, you’ll ensure your computer is optimized, secure, and ready for use. Remember, a well-set-up computer will serve you efficiently for years to come.


  1. What is bloatware?
    • Bloatware refers to unnecessary software that comes pre-installed on new computers, often slowing them down.
  2. How often should I check for Windows updates?
    • It’s recommended to set your computer to automatically download and install updates. However, manually checking once a month is a good practice.
  3. Why is my WiFi not connecting?
    • Ensure you’ve entered the correct network name and password. If issues persist, contact your internet service provider.
  4. Can I use my laptop while it’s charging?
    • Yes, you can use your laptop while it charges.
  5. How do I know which ports to plug cables into?
    • Most cables and ports are color-coded. Ensure you match the cable color with the corresponding port color.
  6. What’s the difference between antivirus and anti-malware?
    • Antivirus software protects against viruses, while anti-malware focuses on broader threats like spyware, ransomware, and adware.
  7. Do I need both antivirus and anti-malware?
    • It’s recommended to have both for comprehensive protection.
  8. How do I backup my data to the cloud?
    • Choose a cloud service, sign up, and follow their instructions to backup your data.
  9. What is Ninite?
    • Ninite is a tool that allows users to install multiple software programs simultaneously, streamlining the setup process.
  10. How can I speed up my computer’s boot time?
    • Removing bloatware and unnecessary startup programs can significantly improve boot times.
Eric Chan

Hi! I’m Eric and I work on the knowledge base at  You can see some of my writings about technology, cellphone repair, and computer repair here.

When I’m not writing about tech I’m playing with my dog or hanging out with my girlfriend.

Shoot me a message at if you want to see a topic discussed or have a correction on something I’ve written.

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